It is now an established fact that outbound tourism plays a significant role in the development of small and medium sized cities.
Tourists spend huge amounts of money on travelling, but the industry still hasn’t reached its potential. There are plenty of reasons why more people aren’t visiting the world’s most exotic destinations. This article will discuss about outbound tourism. So, stay with us.
Types of Tourism
Every holiday can be classified under different categories in order to understand its impact. They are as follows:
Domestic Tourism (Tourism From Within The Country)
Travelers spend money on visiting places of interest, shopping and eating out, living away from home for a few days or weeks etc.
International Tourism (Tourism By International Visitors)
Read about how this contributes significantly towards development of small and medium sized cities. These visitors spend a lot of money during their stay.
Tourists who visit other countries when the country itself is not on their list of destinations, but they have visited another country before or have been influenced by its culture while travelling in that country.
This type focuses on physical adventure rather than sightseeing and shopping activities which take place in most types of tourism.
People who just choose to visit popular destinations for leisure activities and relaxation spending time in cities that are looked at as more scenic or exciting rather than shopping opportunities.
This category of travelers usually visits a specific destination belonging to their religion’s geographical center, most commonly either Jerusalem, Mecca or Rome.
This refers to a special time of the year, such as summer or Christmas. There are two types of this type: peak season and shoulder season.
Peak seasons have high demand for rentals, airfare and hotels while the shoulder seasons represent slower periods during which occupancy rates in all areas decrease significantly but still remain slightly higher than they were before.
What is Outbound Tourism?
Outbound Tourism is the number of foreign tourists who travel internationally but not to the specific location in which they are traveling. This can mainly be either for leisure (i.e vacation) purposes, or for work reasons that have impact on their residence outside of home country.
Meaning of Inbound Tourism
Inbound tourism is the number of foreign tourists who travel internationally to a specific location in their country. This can mainly be for leisure purposes or for work reasons that have impact specifically on where they are living at home.
The Growth of Outbound Tourism
The following statistics give us a good idea of how Outbound Tourism has grown over the years:
- International tourism was at 529 million in 2004 and is estimated to be 837 million by 2014. The U.S had the most outbound tourists and China ranked 3rd, with Russia ranking 2nd in recent years because they offer visa free access
- Domestic tourism increased from 23 billion people or 27% of world population
in 1970 to 40 billion or 50% of the world population by 2010
Orlando as an example of a popular location for outbound tourism can be seen with this statistic.
The number of visitors is estimated to have reached 8 million in 2013, which had been growing from 4 million by 2010 and 1.7 million by 2007 numbers.
Sarasota showed major growth from 100000 annually before Hurricane Andrew in 1992 to 210 thousand annually afterwards.
The Importance of Outbound Tourism
Purely considering national tourism levels, Outbound Tourism can be equated to “imports” as opposed to “exports,” meaning that whether or not a country’s national output of international visitors exceeds its residents’ importation of foreign tourists is up for debate.
From an economic standpoint, the greater illustration would be if they were able to balance out while generating the same amount of gross domestic product (GDP), which could mean that One Nation’s international tourists generated more money than its domestic production.
However, the federal bureau of economic analysis calculated that in 2015, outbound tourism was responsible for $1 trillion dollars’ worth of income over a 12-month period and 25% exports on products valued up to $245 billion.
Positive Impacts of Outbound Tourism
In many ways, the benefits of outbound tourism can be seen both locally and globally. Incoming foreign tourists often spend money in their destination countries which creates an increase in income for members of Host Nations economies (for instance, European nations benefit from this expenditure).
This is beneficial for local jobs and business because it provides temporary work that was previously unknown across a wide variety of occupations such as farming labor, retail employees, restaurant waiters or bar workers.
The local economy will also benefit from the multiplier effects of hosting international tourists in terms of their direct contribution to other industries like real estate development, leisure and hospitality, health care services, shopping venues and wedding destinations.
As a result of these benefits for both locals as well as Host Nations economies on a global scale, there are many advantages that can be drawn from outbound tourism overall.
Negative Impacts of Outbound Tourism
There are, unfortunately, many negative impacts that can arise from outbound tourism as well. One of these is the fact that a large number of visitors tend to be timeshare owners who stay in high-priced hotels and rent their time for an entire week at a low price but only use it for two or three days.
As more people visit destinations like Costa Rica to do this type of vacation every year, locals feel less likely to invest in new hotels and to offer longer stays because the money is dried up. It also creates a mismatch between supply and demand as places like this get overpacked, sometimes leading to safety issues for visitors such as increased crime rates or overcrowding that leads to annoyed tourists.
Another cost which can be seen with inbound tourism is poor air quality caused by large volumes of cars entering into destination cities or resorts on average every day (typically individuals will stay at one resort and spend their entire stay in a rental car, only taking home or selling one) and the heavy pollution which is created. This has been shown to cause breathing issues as well as psychological damage for high-end visitors.
Deference Between Outbound Tourism and International Tourism
There is a distinct difference between outbound tourism and international tourism. Outbound travel usually applies specifically to local or national peoples travelling outside of the country in destinations that are not typically visited by Westerners, such as in search for new cultural experiences or unique locations which have low cost of living compared to their home countries.
On the other hand, International Tourism applies more often than not for business reasons (such as negotiating with an up-and-coming company) but also allows for cross-cultural exchange as well.
Outbound tourism is the travel industry that focuses on travelling to another country. It is an international business with a growing market, where people from all over the world go and visit other countries. Traveling to another country will help you get new ideas and experience new things.
In this article we have discussed everything about outbound tourism. If you have any question, drop them in the comment.
Frequently Asked Questions
Which Countries Have The Most Potential For Outbound Tourism?
The top countries in the world for outbound tourism tend to be within Europe and North America. There is also a considerable amount of international travel to Orient (East Asia) and Latin America, which are prime destinations for many visitors worldwide.
How Does Outbound Tourism Affect Private Tour Operators?
Outbound tourism affects private tour operators by forcing them into competition with big companies that publicize their larger return rates at better prices on higher-end tours. For example, a tour to Europe from the United States in private taxi companies could cost $60-700 whereas it costs only $80 for an outbound tourist.
What Is Outbound Tourism Example?
Outbound tourism is often seen in people who move from their home country to a different one for a number of years for work purposes, such as doctors or English teachers.
What Is The Difference Between Outbound And International Tourism?
Outbound tourism is seen as a departure from one’s home country, whereas international travels are for those who have obtained visa and passport to travel outside of one’s own country.
What happens in the development cycle on outbound tourism?
What Is Outbound Tourism From The UK?
The term ‘outbound tourism’ is typically used in reference to people who move from their home country and reside in a different one. This can be for professional or personal reasons, such as doctors moving abroad to specialize in wildlife conservation medicine.
What Are The Benefits Of Outbound Tourism?
Outbound tourism has many benefits to locals and visitors alike. One of these is the direct economic benefit which can lead to boosts in local economies as well as an increase in job creation, especially for the commons who are typically people working at lower wage positions within hospitality or other industries who may not have otherwise been able to find work without foreign tourists.